University of Washington School of Nursing Continuing Nursing Education
Wound Management Education Program
Certification Preparation for Registered Nurses
Assignment: WMEP Research Critique
1. To prepare for the written assignment view/read the following:
- View video and handout for Week 2 | Using Research Results
- Read one of the three papers listed below that address reading a study critically. Although these were published in 1997 and 2000 they are still relevant and informative papers:
- Greenhalgh, T. (1997). How to read a paper: Assessing the methodological quality of published papers. BMJ. 305‐308.
- Sheldon, T. (2000). Estimating the treatment effects: real or the result of chance? Evid Based Nurs. 3:36‐39.
- Fineout‐Overholt E, Melnyk BM, Stillwell SB, Williamson KM. Evidence‐based practice step by step: Critical appraisal of the evidence: part I. Am J Nurs. 2010 Jul;110(7):47‐52. PubMed PMID: 20574204.
- The UW Health Sciences Library also has an EBP website with additional resources that may be helpful (optional):
2. Choose one of the clinical studies listed below for your critique paper.
- Tettelbach W, Cassell S, Reyzelman AM, Sigal F, Caporusso JM, Agnew PS. (2018) A confirmatory study on the efficacy of dehydrated human amnion/chorion membrane dHACM allograft in the management of diabetic foot ulcers: A prospective, multicenter, randomized, controlled study of 110 patients from 14 wound clinics. Int Wound J. 16:19-29.
- Towler MA, Rush EW, Richardson MK, Williams CL. (2018) Randomized, prospective, Blinded-enrollment, head-to head venous le ulcer healing trial comparing living, bioengineered skin graft substitute (Apligraf) with living, cryopreserved, human skin allograft (TheraSkin). Clin Podiat Med Surg. 35:357-365.
3. Complete the Evidence Table during or after you have read the paper. (Evidence Table template, at the end of this document)
4. Write a critique that discusses the “why, what, how and so what of the study.” This includes what the study results showed/did not show and how this applies (or not) to practice. Substantiate your comments with examples from the study. Do not repeat the details of the study in the critique, those are in the Evidence Table. Instead focus the critique on your questions and ideas as you read the study.
- Use A Guide for Evaluating Research Papers to guide your analysis of the study. It provides questions to think about and guide your analysis of the study components. The guide is designed to apply mainly to studies that test an intervention, but some questions apply to other study designs. Suggestion: Take notes/jot down thoughts about the study using the guide to use when you write the critique.
- Review sample submission Sample Submission.
- Format of Paper: Organize the paper and your main evaluative comments in the following four sections:
- Background and Purpose
- Cover these points: Does the study address an important clinical problem? Does the report help to advance the science or fill in gaps in our understanding?
- Identify strengths, weaknesses and/or questions you have about the study methods. How may these have influenced results?
- Hint: Consider the type of design, who participated (inclusion, exclusion), study procedures, how outcomes were measured, handling of data.
- Consider the following: What were the study results? Do the results address the study purpose(s)? Are data and results presented clearly and adequately? Is anything missing?
- What are the author’s conclusions, and do you agree or not agree, why or why not?
- Translation to practice. What are your thoughts about how the study informs practice? Can the results be used in practice? Do they apply to the patients you work with?
5. Format of critique and submission instructions:
- Length: Do not exceed five typed, double-spaced pages. (Approx. 1250 words).
- Font: Use 12 point font.
- Document: Label your document using the format: Last name First name WMEP Session (Spr or Fall) YEAR
- Evidence Table: Submit completed table with paper.
- Due Date: Papers are due on or before the first day of the onsite class. Late papers will receive a reduction in total score.
6. Grading Criteria
|Grading Criteria||Possible Points*|
|Study purpose and need||1|
|Design, outcome measures, methods and analysis||3|
|Results and study authors conclusions||3|
|Demonstration of critical assessment of study. Comments substantiated with examples.||2|
|Own conclusion and thoughts on practice application||2|
|Grammar, spelling and sentence structure reflect college level work||1|
*Late submissions receive 0.5 points deduction.
Title, 1st author, year
Study outcomes and measures
*Note you will be entering information from one study into the table for this assignment. Evidence tables are useful for summarizing and tracking studies when you are reviewing several on a topic.
Excel Spreadsheet - (document will appear in downloads)