Week 2 | Using Research Results and Generating Data for Practice (16170-SP)
- Evidence based practice
- Focus: efficacy, safety, feasibility of the treatment, and how it affects other important outcomes.
- Sources of Evidence
- Types of studies: case reports, case series, cohort studies, clinical trials, multisite RCTs
- Evaluating study designs
- Group similarities and differences
- Influence of other factors in care – did they affect outcome
- Evaluating study results
- Relative risk reduction
- Absolute risk reduction
- Number needed to treat
- Preciseness of results on treatment effect
- Application of findings to individual practice
- Collecting data in practice
- Standardization of data collection
- Choice of outcome
- Systems for data aggregation
- Human subject issues
- Formal Research Generation
- Sponsored by commercial interests vs. institutional
- Establishing a formal research study
- Writing for Publication
- Where to start
- Options: case reports, poster presentations
Objectives for Learning Outcomes
At the end of this course work the learner will be able to:
- Differentiate research utilization and generation.
- Evaluate research studies critically.
- Differentiate between controlled clinical evidence of wound care product efficacy and case studies describing product use.
- Discuss the process of writing for publication.
JoAnne Whitney, PhD, RN, CWCN, FAAN
Certified Wound Care Nurse; Associate Dean for Research, Professor, Biobehavioral Nursing and Health System, University of Washington School of Nursing; Research Scientist, University of Washington Medicine/Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, WA